It was founded by Lord Jigten Sumgon at the end of the twelfth century, and is centered at Drikung Thil Monastery, located northeast of Lhasa, Tibet. The origin of the Kagyu school may be traced to the primordial Buddha Vajradhara, who bestowed teachings on the Indian mystic Tilopa Tilopa passed the lineage to the pre-eminent Indian scholar and mystic Naropa Marpa sold all of his belongings and traveled to India three times on foot in order to study with the great masters of his day and bring their Dharma teachings back to his homeland. Prior to meeting Milarepa, Gampopa had studied and mastered the Kadampa teachings stemming from Lord Atisha. In his teachings, he brilliantly combined the ethical and practical applications of Kadampa practice with the meditation instructions of Mahamudra and the Six Yogas of Naropa that he had received from Milarepa. His writings and oral instructions form the basis for the teachings and practices of the Drikung Kagyu, and the lineage of his disciples came to be known by the name of the land in which they started.
Rinchenpal Translation Project (RTP)
The Drikung Kagyu Tradition
For information about His Holiness and the Drikung Kagyu lineage please visit the official website of the Drikung Kagyu tradition. Since then, the group has been meeting once a year in different places around the world. The project aims to collaboratively standardize the common prayers and practices used in Drikung Kagyu communities, including the Tibetan originals as well as their translations. So far, the group has been mainly concerned with translations into English. However, over the coming years, other languages such as Chinese, German, Vietnamese, and Spanish will be included. At the first meeting, His Holiness has laid out three guiding principles for the project: 1 The most original text should be used, 2 scribal errors in the text should be corrected, and 3 translators should strive for internal consistency and be sensitive to the context of the target language. In Khenpo Konchok Tamphel was appointed as the director of the group which currently has twelve members.
Vikramashila Research and Translation Project (VTP)
Drikung Kagyu or Drigung Kagyu Wylie : 'bri-gung bka'-brgyud is one of the eight "minor" lineages of the Kagyu school of Tibetan Buddhism. Like with all other Kagyu lineages, origins of Drikung Kagyu can be traced back to the Great Indian Master Tilopa who passed on his teachings to Mahasiddha Naropa who lived around 10th and 11th century. This school was at one time important in Western Bhutan, particularly in the Thimphu and Paro regions, where they were rivals of the Drukpa Kagyu. In the remaining followers of the Lhapa Kagyu were expelled from Bhutan together with the Nenyingpa followers as both had sided with the attacking Tsangpa forces against the Drukpa during their three invasions of Bhutan and continued to refuse to acknowledge the authority of the Shabdrung. According to Jampa MacKenzie Stewart, the Gonchik "recasts Buddhism in a fascinating and innovative form, emphasizing each aspect as being capable of revealing the full process of enlightenment. This practice is traditionally cultivated in retreat alongside the Six Dharmas of Naropa, and it is preceded by the preliminary practices called ngondro. One of the Six Yogas of Naropa , this practice is said to aid the practitioner in remaining aware through the death experience, thus aiding one in attaining enlightenment in the Bardo the state in between death and the next rebirth or in achieving a birth conducive to the practice of Dharma. Tsari and Lapchi - two important sacred sites for all Tibetan Buddhists - also have a strong Drikung Kagyu presence. Among the so-called "four major and eight minor" Kagyu lineages, Drikung Kagyu is one of four Kagyu lineages that continue to exist as independent institutions the other three being the Karma Kagyu , Drukpa Lineage and Taklung Kagyu. Outside of Tibet, the headquarters for the tradition in exile is Jangchubling, located in Dhera Dun , in the Indian state of Uttarakhand.
He is considered having received a direct transmission from the primordial Buddha Vajradhara. Marpa's most important disciple was Jetsun Milarepa He became one of Tibet's great yogis. One of the main disciples of Milarepa was Gampopa